True small-capital letters require a font that supports small caps; i.e., the typeface has special characters designed to be approximately the same x-height as lowercase letters but using the uppercase letter shape. Fake small caps, created by reducing capital letters by 75 or 80 percent, stick out visually; they’re thin and spindly.
Although EPUB markup supports small caps (use “font-variant: small-caps” in the style sheet), not all ereader devices support small caps. One ereader where I was testing an e-book didn’t render small caps but instead made the text bold.
Below are four different typefaces. Can you tell which ones have true small caps?
First group: Minion Pro
Second group: Apollo MT
Third group: Arial
Fourth group: Californian FB
BISAC subject headings are the standard book categories used in the U.S. book industry. (The UK uses BIC, France uses CLIL, Germany uses WGS, and so on.) The categories are updated regularly as new genres become popular. If you publish through Amazon, Barnes & Noble, or any other online retailer, you have probably come into contact with BISAC categories.
BISAC subject headings printed on book covers help bookstores know where to shelve the book.
BISAC categories are particularly important for your e-books. Add as many as are appropriate for your book directly to the metadata inside the EPUB file.
BISAC subject headings are added to the metadata inside the e-book file.
The list of current BISAC headings is maintained by the Book Industry Study Group:
A global system for categorizing books, Thema, will come into use in 2014. Thema will work alongside BISAC and the other systems. If you sell internationally, it might be good to learn more about it so you can start including the Thema categories in books.
Not everyone is suited to be a copyeditor. Are you detail-oriented? Do you like working alone? Do you have a high level of reading comprehension? Can you spot “facts” that can affect the credibility of your client’s work? Are you willing to question your corrections?
Do you have an excellent grasp of spelling, punctuation, and grammar — good enough that you can concisely explain problems and solutions to clients? Do you understand the importance of style in communicating tone and meaning? Have you mastered Microsoft Word and do you know how to use macros to increase your productivity?
If copyediting is for you, I recommend starting with on-the-job experience if possible. You will make mistakes, and it helps to have someone tell you when you’re overediting or being undiplomatic or clinging to a rule you learned in grammar school that is just plain wrong. While working, build your reference library — dictionaries, style manuals, business books. At a minimum you should have The Chicago Manual of Style and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. These references are the standard for commercial publishing in the U.S.
If you need training, here are a few sources:
Lots of good books cover the business of editing in far more detail than I can here. When I was starting out I found this book helpful: How to Open and Operate a Home-Based Writing Business by Lucy V. Parker. It may be outdated now. You can search online for books of interest and then request them at your library. If you plan to work directly with authors, you may find Dan Poynter’s The Self-Publishing Manual helpful in assisting your clients.
ETA The Business of Editing by Rich Adin has just been released:
Amazon (Kindle and print) | EPUB | Barnes & Noble (print)
Here are some other sources of helpful information: